Which language ranked top 5 of the most used language in GitHub as of 2016

GitHub serves as a central repository for developers to share, collaborate, and contribute to various software projects. By analyzing the usage statistics, we can gain insights into the programming languages preferred by developers. In 2016, GitHub revealed the top five languages dominating its platform. Let’s explore each of these languages in detail.

JavaScript: A Dominant Force on GitHub

JavaScript holds a prominent position on GitHub and is widely recognized as the language of the web. It enables dynamic interactions and adds interactivity to websites. With frameworks like Node.js and libraries like React.js, JavaScript’s popularity skyrocketed. Its ability to run both on the client-side and server-side makes it versatile and flexible.

Python: Versatility and Simplicity

Python is renowned for its simplicity and readability, making it a favorite among developers. It emphasizes code readability and allows programmers to express concepts in fewer lines of code. Python’s extensive standard library and its adoption in various domains like web development, data analysis, and machine learning contribute to its high usage on GitHub.

Java: The Language of Enterprise

Java is a language that has stood the test of time. Known for its platform independence, scalability, and security features, Java has been widely adopted for building enterprise-level applications. Its robustness and extensive ecosystem of libraries and frameworks have made it one of the top languages on GitHub.

Ruby: The Elegance of a Dynamic Language

Ruby is a dynamic, object-oriented language that focuses on simplicity and productivity. It gained popularity with the Ruby on Rails framework, which accelerated web application development. Ruby’s elegant syntax and emphasis on developer happiness have attracted a dedicated community, contributing to its high ranking on GitHub.

PHP: Powering the Web

PHP is a server-side scripting language primarily used for web development. It powers numerous websites, including popular content management systems like WordPress. Despite its criticism, PHP’s simplicity, ease of use, and extensive documentation have kept it relevant in the web development landscape.


In conclusion, the top five most used languages on GitHub as of 2016 encompassed JavaScript, Python, Java, Ruby, and PHP. JavaScript’s dominance in web development, Python’s versatility, Java’s enterprise-level capabilities, Ruby’s elegance, and PHP’s role in powering the web have contributed to their popularity among developers.


Q1: Are these rankings still relevant today in 2023? A1: While these rankings were based on 2016 data, the mentioned languages continue to be popular among developers. However, language popularity may have evolved since then due to emerging technologies and trends.

Q2: Is GitHub the only platform used for hosting repositories? A2: No, there are other platforms like GitLab and Bitbucket that also serve as hosting platforms for version control and collaboration.

Q3: Can I contribute to projects on GitHub even if I don’t know the top languages? A3: Absolutely! GitHub hosts projects written in various languages. You can find projects that match your skill set and contribute to them regardless of the programming language.

Q4: Are these languages suitable for beginners? A4: Yes, all the mentioned languages have extensive learning resources and supportive communities, making them suitable for beginners.

Q5: How can I get started with GitHub? A5: To get started with GitHub, visit their website and sign up for an account. They provide comprehensive documentation and tutorials to help you understand the platform and start contributing to projects.