Top 10 Programming Languages To Learn And Avoid In 2023 | Best Programming Languages


Python, known for its simplicity and versatility, is an excellent programming language for beginners. It has gained immense popularity due to its readable syntax and extensive libraries. Python can be used in various domains, including web development, data analysis, machine learning, and artificial intelligence. Learning Python opens up a wide range of opportunities for developers in 2023 and beyond.


JavaScript serves as the backbone of modern web development. It is a client-side scripting language that adds interactivity to websites and web applications. JavaScript’s popularity continues to soar as it enables developers to build dynamic and responsive user interfaces. With frameworks like React and Angular, learning JavaScript is essential for front-end developers in 2023.


Java, a robust and object-oriented programming language, has been a staple in enterprise application development for many years. It provides a platform-independent approach, making it suitable for building large-scale systems. Java’s demand remains high, especially in the corporate world, making it a valuable language to learn in 2023.


C++ is a powerful and efficient programming language widely used in systems programming, game development, and embedded systems. It offers low-level control and high performance, making it a preferred choice for applications that require optimal resource utilization. Although it has a steep learning curve, mastering C++ can open up rewarding career opportunities.


Go, also known as Golang, has gained significant traction in recent years. Developed by Google, Go focuses on simplicity, efficiency, and concurrency. It is ideal for building scalable and robust systems, especially in cloud computing and network programming. As the demand for Go developers continues to rise, learning Go can provide a competitive edge in 2023.


Rust, a relatively new systems programming language, prioritizes memory safety and performance. It aims to eliminate common programming errors, making it a reliable choice for building secure and efficient applications. Rust’s growing popularity and adoption indicate that it could be a valuable skill to acquire in 2023.


Swift is the primary programming language for developing iOS and macOS applications. It combines the best features of C and Objective-C while incorporating modern concepts and safety measures. As the Apple ecosystem continues to thrive, learning Swift can lead to exciting opportunities in mobile app development.


TypeScript is a superset of JavaScript that adds static typing and other features to the language. It enhances JavaScript’s capabilities by enabling developers to catch errors during the development phase. TypeScript has gained popularity in recent years, particularly in projects using Angular and React frameworks. Learning TypeScript can boost your productivity and code quality in 2023.


Kotlin, developed by JetBrains, is a statically typed programming language that runs on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). It is often considered a modern alternative to Java, offering concise syntax, null safety, and enhanced interoperability. Kotlin has gained momentum in Android app development and is increasingly favored by developers. Acquiring Kotlin skills can be beneficial for building Android applications in 2023.


Ruby is a dynamic, open-source programming language known for its simplicity and readability. It emphasizes developer happiness and has a strong community support system. Ruby is commonly used in web development, especially with the Ruby on Rails framework. While its popularity may have decreased compared to previous years, it remains relevant and can be an excellent choice for specific projects in 2023.

Languages to Avoid

While it’s important to focus on the best programming languages to learn, it’s also essential to be aware of languages that may not provide as many opportunities in 2023. The languages mentioned below may have limited job prospects or declining usage trends:

  1. Visual Basic
  2. Perl
  3. Objective-C
  4. Delphi
  5. COBOL


Aspiring programmers and developers should invest their time and effort in learning the right programming languages to stay relevant and competitive in 2023. Python, JavaScript, Java, C++, Go, Rust, Swift, TypeScript, Kotlin, and Ruby are among the top programming languages worth mastering. These languages offer diverse opportunities and are in high demand across various industries. However, it’s important to keep an eye on industry trends and adapt accordingly.


  1. Q: Which programming language is the best for beginners? A: Python is widely regarded as the best programming language for beginners due to its simplicity and readability.
  2. Q: Which programming language is in high demand in 2023? A: Python, JavaScript, and Java continue to be in high demand in 2023 due to their versatility and extensive usage.
  3. Q: Are there any programming languages to avoid learning in 2023? A: Visual Basic, Perl, Objective-C, Delphi, and COBOL may have limited job prospects or declining usage trends in 2023.
  4. Q: Which programming language is best for web development? A: JavaScript, along with HTML and CSS, is essential for web development as it enables dynamic and interactive web experiences.
  5. Q: What are the best resources to learn programming languages? A: Online platforms like Codecademy, Udemy, and free resources like W3Schools and Mozilla Developer Network (MDN) are great places to start learning programming languages.